bos_create - Defines a new process in the BosConfig file and starts it


bos create -server <machine name> -instance <server process name> -type <server type> -cmd <command lines>+ [-notifier <notifier program>] [-cell <cell name>] [-noauth] [-localauth] [-principal <authentication principal> [-encrypt [<yes|no>]] [-verbose] [-config <configuration file>] [-help]


The bos create command creates a server process entry in the /etc/yfs/server/BosConfig file on the server machine named by the -server argument, sets the process's status to Run in the BosConfig file and in memory, and starts the process.

A server process's entry in the BosConfig file defines its name, its type, the command that initializes it, and optionally, the name of a notifier program that runs when the process terminates.


-server <machine name>

Indicates the server machine on which to define and start the new process. Identify the machine by IP address or its host name (either fully-qualified or abbreviated unambiguously). For details, see bos(8).

-instance <server process name>

Names the process to define and start. Any name is acceptable, but for the sake of simplicity it is best to use the last element of the process's binary file pathname (or the instance type dafs), and to use the same name on every server machine. The conventional names, as used in all AFS documentation, are:


The Backup Server process.


The process that combines the Demand Attach File Server, Volume Server, Salvageserver and Salvager processes (fileserver, volserver, salvageserver, and salvager).


The Protection Server process.


The client portion of the Update Server process that retrieves binary files from the /usr/local/libexec/yfs directory of the binary distribution machine for this machine's CPU/operating system type. (The name of the binary is upclient, but the bin suffix distinguishes this process from upclientetc.)


The client portion of the Update Server process that retrieves configuration files from the /etc/yfs/server directory of the system control machine. (The name of the binary is upclient, but the etc suffix distinguishes this process from upclientbin.)


The server portion of the Update Server process.


The Volume Location (VL) Server process.

-type <server type>

Specifies the process's type. The acceptable values are:


Use this value for cron-type processes that the BOS Server starts only at a defined daily or weekly time, rather than whenever it detects that the process has terminated. AFS does not define any such processes by default, but makes this value available for administrator use. Define the time for command execution as part of the -cmd argument to the bos create command.


Use this value only for the dafs process, which combines the File Server, Volume Server, Salvage Server, and Salvager processes in order to operate as a Demand Attach File Server. If one of the component processes terminates, the BOS Server shuts down and restarts the process in the appropriate order.


Use this value for all processes listed as acceptable values to the -instance argument, except for the dafs processes. There are no interdependencies between simple processes, so the BOS Server can stop and start them independently as necessary.

-cmd <command lines>+

Specifies each command the BOS Server runs to start the process. Specify no more than six commands (which can include the command's options, in which case the entire string is surrounded by double quotes); any additional commands are ignored.

For a simple process, provide the complete pathname of the process's binary file on the local disk (for example, /usr/local/libexec/yfs/ptserver for the Protection Server). If including any of the initialization command's options, surround the entire command in double quotes (""). The upclient process has a required argument, and the commands for all other processes take optional arguments.

For the dafs process, provide the complete pathname of the local disk binary file for each of the component processes: fileserver, volserver, salvageserver, and salvager, in that order. The standard binary directory is /usr/local/libexec/yfs. If including any of an initialization command's options, surround the entire command in double quotes ("").

For a cron process, provide two parameters:

-notifier <notifier program>

Specifies the complete pathname on the local disk of a program that the BOS Server invokes when the process terminates. The AFS distribution does not include any notifier programs, but this argument is available for administrator use. See "NOTES".

-cell <cell name>

Names the cell in which to run the command. Do not combine this argument with the -localauth flag. For more details, see bos(8).


Assigns the unprivileged identity anonymous to the issuer. Do not combine this flag with the -localauth flag. For more details, see bos(8).


Constructs a server ticket using a key from the local /etc/yfs/server/KeyFileExt file. The bos command interpreter presents the ticket to the BOS Server during mutual authentication. Do not combine this flag with the -cell or -noauth options. For more details, see bos(8).

-principal <authentication principal>

Indicates the principal to be used for authentication. This option can be useful when several credentials caches are available for different principals.

-encrypt [<yes|no>]

Enables or disables encryption for the command so that the operation's results are not transmitted across the network in clear text.


Produces on the standard output stream a detailed trace of the command's execution. If this argument is omitted, only warnings and error messages appear.

-config <configuration file>

Sets the location of the configuration file to be used. The default file is /etc/yfs/yfs-client.conf.


Prints the online help for this command. All other valid options are ignored.


The following command defines and starts the simple process ptserver on the machine

   % bos create -server -instance ptserver -type simple \
                -cmd /usr/local/libexec/yfs/ptserver

The following command defines and starts the simple process upclientbin on the machine It references as the source for updates to binary files, checking for changes to the /usr/local/libexec/yfs directory every 120 seconds.

   % bos create -server -instance upclientbin -type simple \
                -cmd "/usr/local/libexec/yfs/upclient -clear -t 120 \

The following command creates the dafs process dafs on the machine (a demand-attach File Server with associated processes). Type the command on a single line.

   % bos create -server -instance dafs -type dafs \
                -cmd /usr/local/libexec/yfs/fileserver \
                /usr/local/libexec/yfs/volserver \
                /usr/local/libexec/yfs/salvageserver /usr/local/libexec/yfs/salvager

The following command creates a cron process called userbackup on the machine, so that the BOS Server issues the indicated vos backupsys command each day at 3:00 a.m. (the command creates a backup version of every volume in the file system whose name begins with user). Note that the issuer provides the complete pathname to the vos command, includes the -localauth flag on it, and types the entire bos create command on one line.

   % bos create -server -instance userbackup -type cron  \
       -cmd "/usr/local/libexec/yfs/vos backupsys -prefix user -localauth" 03:00


The issuer must be listed in the /etc/yfs/server/UserListExt file on the machine named by the -server argument, or must be logged onto a server with an account capable of reading the /etc/yfs/server/KeyFileExt file if the -localauth flag is included.

The bos create command cannot be run against servers which are in restricted mode.


If the -notifier argument is included when this command is used to define and start a process, the BOS Server invokes the indicated notifier program when the process exits. The intended use of a notifier program is to inform administrators when a process exits unexpectedly, but it can be used to perform any appropriate actions. The following paragraphs describe the bnode and bnode_proc structures in which the BOS Server records information about the exiting process.

The BOS Server constructs and sends on the standard output stream one bnode and one bnode_proc structure for each exiting process associated with the notifier program. It brackets each structure with appropriate BEGIN and END statements (BEGIN bnode and END bnode, BEGIN bnode_proc and END bnode_proc), which immediately follow the preceding newline character with no intervening spaces or other characters. If the notifier program does not need information from a structure, it can scan ahead in the input stream for the END statement.

In general, each field in a structure is a string of ASCII text terminated by the newline character. The format of the information within a structure possibly varies slightly depending on the type of process associated with the notifier program.

The C code for the bnode and bnode_proc structures follows. Note that the structures sent by the BOS Server do not necessarily include all of the fields described here, because some are used only for internal record keeping. The notifier process must robustly handle the absence of expected fields, as well as the presence of unexpected fields, on the standard input stream.

For proper performance, the notifier program must continue processing the input stream until it detects the end-of-file (EOF). The BOS Server closes the standard input file descriptor to the notifier process when it has completed delivery of the data, and it is the responsibility of the notifier process to terminate properly.

struct bnode contents:

   struct bnode {
      struct bnode *next;      /* next pointer in top-level's list */
      char *name;              /* instance name */
      long nextTimeout;        /* next time this guy should be awakened */
      long period;             /* period between calls */
      long rsTime;             /* time we started counting restarts */
      long rsCount;            /* count of restarts since rsTime */
      struct bnode_type *type; /* type object */
      struct bnode_ops *ops;   /* functions implementing bnode class */
      long procStartTime;      /* last time a process was started */
      long procStarts;         /* number of process starts */
      long lastAnyExit;        /* last time a process exited for any reason */
      long lastErrorExit;      /* last time a process exited unexpectedly */
      long errorCode;          /* last exit return code */
      long errorSignal;        /* last proc terminating signal */
      char *lastErrorName;     /* name of proc that failed last */
      short refCount;          /* reference count */
      short flags;             /* random flags */
      char goal;               /* 1=running or 0=not running */
      char fileGoal;           /* same, but to be stored in file */

Format of struct bnode explosion:

   printf("name: %s\n",tp->name);
   printf("rsTime: %ld\n", tp->rsTime);
   printf("rsCount: %ld\n", tp->rsCount);
   printf("procStartTime: %ld\n", tp->procStartTime);
   printf("procStarts: %ld\n", tp->procStarts);
   printf("lastAnyExit: %ld\n", tp->lastAnyExit);
   printf("lastErrorExit: %ld\n", tp->lastErrorExit);
   printf("errorCode: %ld\n", tp->errorCode);
   printf("errorSignal: %ld\n", tp->errorSignal);
   printf("lastErrorName: %s\n", tp->lastErrorName);
   printf("goal: %d\n", tp->goal);

struct bnode_proc contents:

   struct bnode_proc {
      struct bnode_proc *next; /* next guy in top-level's list */
      struct bnode *bnode;     /* bnode creating this process */
      char *comLine;           /* command line used to start this process */
      char *coreName;          /* optional core file component name */
      long pid;                /* pid if created */
      long lastExit;           /* last termination code */
      long lastSignal;         /* last signal that killed this guy */
      long flags;              /* flags giving process state */

Format of struct bnode_proc explosion:

   printf("comLine: %s\n", tp->comLine);
   printf("coreName: %s\n", tp->coreName);
   printf("pid: %ld\n", tp->pid);
   printf("lastExit: %ld\n", tp->lastExit);
   printf("lastSignal: %ld\n", tp->lastSignal);


BosConfig(5), KeyFileExt(5), UserListExt(5), bos(8), buserver(8), fileserver(8), ptserver(8), salvager(8), salvageserver(8), upclient(8), upserver(8), vlserver(8), volserver(8), vos_backupsys(1)


IBM Corporation 2000. All Rights Reserved.

This documentation is covered by the IBM Public License Version 1.0. It was converted from HTML to POD by software written by Chas Williams and Russ Allbery, based on work by Alf Wachsmann and Elizabeth Cassell.


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