NAME

pts - Introduction to the pts command suite

DESCRIPTION

The pts command suite is the administrative interface to the Protection Servers. The Protection Servers store identity and group information used for evaluating access control lists (ACLs) by services such as the File Servers.

The /afs file namespace associates an ACL with each directory and file object. Each ACL consists of zero or more access control entries (ACEs). Each ACE associates a user identity or a group with a set of access permissions. ACLs stored within the /afs file namespace are enforced by the File Servers. Each /afs file namespace ACE grants (normal rights) or revokes (negative rights) a set of file system access permissions (see fs listacl).

User identities are unique identifiers that represent a single user entity. A user identifier can be associated with one or more Generic Security Service (GSS) Kerberos version 5 network identities (see rfc4121).

Groups can be defined whose membership consists of zero or more user identities and other groups. Including an ACE for a group in an ACL permits a set of permissions to be granted to or revoked from multiple users with one ACE. Groups simplify administration by making it possible to add someone to many ACLs by adding them to a group that already exists on those ACLs.

There are system groups that are automatically managed by the cell's Protection Servers. These include:

system:anyuser

The group of all users including anonymous.

system:authuser

The group of all local users excluding anonymous and any users excluded from the system:authuser group by setting the N access flag (see pts setfields).

system:administrators

The group of all users granted administrator privileges within the cell.

In addition to normal users (for example, people), machines can also be assigned a user identity. It is useful to assign a machine a user identity when the machine has its own credentials that permit it to authenticate to the cell as itself. It is best practice that machine identities be excluded from the system:authuser group. Machines can be included in groups other than system:authuser.

The final type of user identity is one associated with an IP version 4 network address or an IP version 4 sub-network. Network user identities can never be authenticated and cannot be included in the system:authuser group. Networks can be included in groups other than system:authuser.

There are several categories of commands in the pts command suite:

OPTIONS

The following arguments and flags are common to many commands in the pts suite. The reference page for each command also lists them, but they are described here in greater detail.

-cell <cell name>

Names the cell in which to run the command. It is acceptable to abbreviate the cell name to the shortest form that distinguishes it from the other entries in the /etc/yfs/yfs-client.conf file.

If the -cell argument is omitted, the command interpreter determines the name of the local cell by reading the following in order:

Do not combine the -cell and -localauth options. A command on which the -localauth flag is included always runs in the workstation cell.

-config <configuration file>

Sets the location of the configuration file to be used. The default file is /etc/yfs/yfs-client.conf.

-force

Enables the command to continue executing as far as possible when errors or other problems occur, rather than halting execution immediately. Without it, the command halts as soon as the first error is encountered. In either case, the pts command interpreter reports errors at the command shell. This flag is especially useful if the issuer provides many values for a command line argument; if one of them is invalid, the command interpreter continues processing the remaining arguments.

-help

Prints the online help for this command. All other valid options are ignored.

-noauth

Establishes an unauthenticated connection to the Protection Server, in which the server treats the issuer as the unprivileged user anonymous. It is useful only when:

-encrypt [<yes|no>]

Establishes an authenticated, encrypted connection to the Protection Server.

-localauth

Obtains an authentication token using the server encryption key with the highest key version number in the local /etc/yfs/server/KeyFileExt file. The resulting token never expires and has Super User privileges.

Do not combine the -cell and -localauth options. .

Use this flag only when issuing a command on a server machine; client machines do not usually have either a /etc/yfs/server/KeyFileEx file or a /etc/yfs/server/yfs-server.conf file.

The issuer of a command that includes this flag must be logged on to the server machine as the local superuser root or another account that has permission to read the /etc/yfs/server/KeyFileEx file. The flag is useful for commands invoked by an unattended application program, such as a process controlled by the UNIX cron utility. It is also useful if an administrator is unable to authenticate to the cell but is logged in as the local superuser root.

Do not combine the -localauth and -noauth flags.

-auth

Use the calling user's tokens from the kernel or as obtained using the active Kerberos ticket granting ticket to communicate with the Volume Server and Location Service. This is the default if neither -localauth nor -noauth is given.

Since this option is the default, it is usually not useful for running single command line operations. However, it can be useful when running commands via pts_interactive(1), since otherwise it would be impossible to switch from, for example, -localauth back to using regular tokens during a bulk operation. See pts_interactive(1) for more details.

PRIVILEGE REQUIRED

Members of the system:administrators group can issue all pts commands on any entry managed by the Protection Service.

Users who do not belong to the system:administrators group can list information about their own entry and any group entries they own. The privacy flags set with the pts setfields command control access to entries owned by other users.

SEE ALSO

KeyFileExt(5), pts_adduser(1), pts_apropos(1), pts_chown(1), pts_creategroup(1), pts_createuser(1), pts_delete(1), pts_examine(1), pts_getcps(1), pts_help(1), pts_interactive(1), pts_listentries(1), pts_listmax(1), pts_listowned(1), pts_membership(1), pts_quit(1), pts_removeuser(1), pts_rename(1), pts_setfields(1), pts_setmax(1), pts_sleep(1), pts_source(1), yfs-client.conf(5), yfs-server.conf(5), rfc4121

COPYRIGHT

IBM Corporation 2000. http://www.ibm.com/ All Rights Reserved.

This documentation is covered by the IBM Public License Version 1.0. It was converted from HTML to POD by software written by Chas Williams and Russ Allbery, based on work by Alf Wachsmann and Elizabeth Cassell.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

"AFS" is a registered mark of International Business Machines Corporation, used under license. (USPTO Registration 1598389)

"OpenAFS" is a registered mark of International Business Machines Corporation. (USPTO Registration 4577045)

The "AuriStor" name, log 'S' brand mark, and icon are registered marks of AuriStor, Inc. (USPTO Registrations 4849419, 4849421, and 4928460) (EUIPO Registration 015539653).

"Your File System" is a registered mark of AuriStor, Inc. (USPTO Registrations 4801402 and 4849418).

"YFS" and "AuriStor File System" are trademarks of AuriStor, Inc.